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There are many ways to come to Europe. One of them, by Russia, to Norway, crossing the border between the two countries, up in the north.

People seeking asylum in Norway and receiving a negative response often continue their migration to other countries. But if they apply for asylum in Norway, they risk being sent back there, as having their finger prints there will make the country responsible for their asylum application under the Dublin III European regulation.

This puts them in a potential chain reaction of expulsions. In fact, in November, Roman had been sent back to Norway and from there to Afghanistan, without even having time to file an appeal once arrived in Norway. In mid-December 2016, a joint Swedish-Norwegian flight had resulted in the removal of 22 people, including 9 from Norway to Kabul under the agreement between the European Union and Afghanistan.

Hashim is now facing the same risk. He applied for asylum in France, a sign of his refused application in Norway was found, so he risks being sent there, and from there to Afghanistan.

He had arrived in Calais in August 2016. He was not there when during the destruction of the slum, either for fear of the violence of the dismantling or for other reasons. So he didn’t go to a Welcoming and Orientation Center (CAO – see here, here, here and there). He has since applied for asylum in the Cévennes. The fact that he was not in Calais at the time of the destruction of the shantytown does not only penalize him for his accommodation, but also for the risk of expulsion to Norway, although the protection of exiles against deportations under the Dublin III regulation is quite limited even for those in CAOs (see here in French only, here, here and here in English).

A petition was made for Hashim’s asylum application to be examined in France and for him not to be deported to Norway: