After a proposal of reform of the Dublin Regulation, which is used to determine the country responsible for an asylum application, in particular with the aim of strenghten the rule for which the country responsible for an asylum application is the country of entry into the territory of the signatory countries (European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), and a rule for expulse to neighboring transit countries if they are considered “safe”. After the project to reinstate from 15 March 2017 deportations to Greece under the Dublin III regulation, while conditions of welcoming are still deeply degraded in this country. Now, the European Commission is planning a reform of the EURODAC Regulation.
The EURODAC Regulation is initially an adjunct to the Dublin Regulation: the taking of finger prints in the context of an asylum application or irregular crossing of an external border of the European Union, and their registration in the European database EURODAC, is used to help to determine the State responsible for an asylum application.
The recast proposed by the Commission provides for a significant expansion of the content and purpose of EURODAC.
To the fingerprints would be added a facial photograph, and -depending on the cost- a copy of the possible documents of identity.
The proposal for a recast aims ” to expand its purpose to help tackle irregular migration and facilitate returns.”. “During these discussions, delegations expressed broad support for the proposal to extend its scope by including the possibility for Member States to store and search biometric data belonging to persons who are not applicants for international protection so that they can be identified for return and readmission purposes. ” The fingerprint database concerning the asylum application in order to determine the State responsible for it would thus become a biometric file about irregular immigration for repression purposes.
Also advocated is the interconnection with other databases for law enforcement purposes in the framework of future reforms in the JHA field (Justice and Home Affairs): ” It is also to be understood that, at a later stage, it will be necessary to make some further changes in certain provisions of the Eurodac Regulation to reflect the agreements reached on other proposals currently under discussion, in particular the recast Dublin Regulation. Current discussions on other proposals relating to other information systems in the JHA area such as Entry/Exist system or ETIAS, especially as regards the provisions on access of law enforcement authorities to all the systems, will also be taken into account in due time. ”
The proposal still has to be approved by the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament, but the Commission relies on a large majority of favorable opinions during the preparatory technical meetings: “The Presidency, considering that a clear majority can support the text of the proposal and the changes introduced throughout the negotiations, considers that the current compromise represents a fair and balanced approach taking into account views expressed by delegations. ”
Leonardo da Vinci : study of hands.