The stakes encountered in Calais and in French migration policy are also to be found at the European level.
While the French authorities have just deported two people to Sudan, one of whom was arrested during the destruction of the Calais shantytown, in a month and a half, the European agency Frontex has announced the constitution of a “deportation pool ” With 690 staff members to assist the EU Member States in organizing more effectively the deportations of foreigners.
The priority of this pool will be to increase deportations from Italy and Greece, the two main countries of entry into the European Union. This policy is in line with the issues surrounding the Dublin III regulation, which means that the country responsible for an asylum application is most often the country of entry into the European Union and provides for the removal of people who seek asylum to be sent back to another country. The creation of “hotspots” in Italy and Greece in the framework of the European Union policy make fingerprinting of people there more systematic than in the past. The European Commission expects Dublin deportations to Greece to be resumed from March, following an interruption of several years due to the unfit conditions in that country and its inefficient asylum procedures.
At the same time, the French authorities are increasing deportations under the Dublin III regulation, among others for people in the Reception and Orientation Centres (here, here here and there) One of the missions to prepare these deportations,are the PRAHDA. Dublin deportations may lead to deportations to the country of origin, for those rejected asylum seekers, as can be seen with Norway (to another country of entry into the European Union, Russia). The mechanics of deportation will work perfectly.