Strengthening controls at the external borders of the European Union and using neighbouring states to constitute an increasingly complex apparatus which holds Exiles at  a distance  (the agreement with Turkey – see here, here here,and there  the Khartoum process with East Africa – see here, here, here and there, the process of Rabat with West Africa), with the aim of restoring free circulation within the Schengen area . This is what the European institutions are showing.

In reality, the strengthening of controls at the external borders and the distancing of Exiles through agreements with states that are increasingly far from external borders is already well established, but controls at the internal borders Schengen are being maintained and perpetuated.

The humanitarian corridor that allowed Exiles to reach Germany and Scandinavia in difficult conditions in the summer of 2015 was closed in autumn of the same year. The multiple borders of the Balkans stand in the way of the Exiles’ route to the centres of Europe, the external borders of the European Union, borders between non-member states of the European Union, Schengen area and non-members of the Schengen area (Slovenia / Croatia, Hungary / Croatia, Hungary / Romania), borders between non-Schengen States (Romania / Bulgaria). Closure is often materialized by the erection of fences and barbed wire, and sometimes includes the mobilization of the army.

But this does not seem to have been enough, since a series of obstacles have been added to the restoration of controls at a series of internal borders within the Schengen area which followed: between Austria and Slovenia and Hungary on the other hand, between Germany and Austria, between Denmark and Germany, in the ports of southern and western Sweden and on the Øresund bridge, Its borders with Germany and Denmark, between Norway and Germany, Denmark and Sweden. These are, of course, transitional measures which must disappear with the strengthening of controls at the external borders.

The provisional measures are extended six months later.

In addition to these continuing measures, there are additional cases of the restoration of controls due to “foreseeable events”.

In the case of Malta, it is a matter of re-establishing controls to prevent demonstrations at the meetings of European bodies, a classic obstacle to free democratic expression.

In the case of France, it can be seen that through a series of reasons ranging from the COP 21 to the Tour de France and the Euro football to the terrorist attacks, border controls have been restored for more than 14 months, From 13th November 2015 to 26th January 2017. This situation will continue until 15th July 2017 for a “permanent terrorist threat”. In other words, France is no longer respecting the rules of the Schengen area permanently.

At its north-western border, the United Kingdom and Ireland, which are not part of the Schengen area, maintain controls at their borders, and the United Kingdom uses the neighboring States, France, Belgium and the Netherlands, As partners to remove the Exiles from its frontiers.


Étienne-Jules Marey : A man jumping