The TGV of Calais enters Gare du Nord in Paris. It runs along a long fence that separates it from the next track, like an extension of the fences that enclose the railway tracks at the approach of the station of Calais – Fréthun, which is among others the last station before the Channel Tunnel for the traveller- Leaving for the United Kingdom. On the side of the hall of the station, the fences transform into a glass wall, visually less aggressive.
Since when have these fences, extended by a wall of glass, which defend the accesses to the United Kingdom, have they been in place at the Parisian station?
A strange negligence explains our ignorance. The oldest anti-migratory walls preventing access to the territory of the European countries listed in the chronologies are in Africa and surround the cities of Melilla and Ceuta, Spanish enclaves on Moroccan soil. They date back to 1998 and 2001.
The port of Calais was surrounded by fences in 2000, followed by the perimeter surrounding access to the Channel Tunnel on the French side in 2001 and the Calais – Fréthun station in 2002. Other French ports of the Channel, Dieppe in 2001, Cherbourg and Roscoff in 2002. These walls in the heart of Europe are absent from the chronologies.
The 1991 Sangatte Protocol provides for the British control of French access to the Channel Tunnel upstream of the opening of the Channel Tunnel (in 1994), as well as French controls on the British side. An additional protocol of 2001 extended these checks to London St Pancras, Lille Europe and Paris – Gare du Nord.
Are you one of the more than two hundred million passengers who spend each year in Gare du Nord, do you know what year a wall was put up in the heart of the station to materialize the border with the United Kingdom , The image we have of British migration policies and the collaboration of the French government?
The plan of Albert Mathieu-Favier for a tunnel under the channel, dating back to 1802, with enormous ventilation chimneys.